Through research, the low back pain reasons for young India have been revealed. Read through to know more about these reasons and how you can modify them. Rajiv Tripathi, aged 35, is a small-time/scale entrepreneur. He always dreamt high of his business. But unfortunately, he has not been able to make it to the top. So, what is it that leaves Rajiv’s glass of success only half-filled? Is it lack of insight in his business, or lack of funds or is it lack of support from the Government. No, none of these. His setback is his own health condition.
When asked about it, Rajiv looks back at his adolescent days. But how are adolescence and success of business linked? Adolescence often brings about the first incidence of lower back pain (LBP). Ages between 10 and 19 of one’s life are referred to as puberty. It is characterized by a growth spurt. When the individual faces rapid physical growth. Let’s discuss low back pain reasons in this article.
Can a Growth Spurt be the Cause of LBP?
Adolescents, in this phase of life, feel they are capable of doing heavy work and actively participating in sports. Carrying a heavy rucksack or use of incorrect sports equipment (improper Bicycle seat positioning or lack of cushioned insoles for running) may become the contributing factors for LBP. In one of the researches, it has been explained that an athlete’s flexibility and muscle balance can decrease during a rapid growth spurt which leads to instability of the spine. This can ultimately increase a teen’s risk of back injury and pain. Thus, being one of the low back pain reasons.
A number of studies have supported the fact and found a reason that lower back pain occurred widely in young adults because of spurt growth and increased physical activity. It has been concluded that young adults who experience LBP at the age of 14 had an increased incidence 25 years later in comparison to those who did not experience it earlier. Therefore, preventing LBP during early adolescence can prevent LBP progression in early adulthood – often referred to as Acute LBP and further progression in late adulthood–referred to as chronic LBP.
What is Acute LBP?
LBP is considered to be acute when it gets better in a few days or weeks. The causes or reasons for Acute lower back pain (LBP) are difficult to identify. The cause is often strain or sprain or in other words, muscle or ligament related pain. We really don’t need to find the root cause since it goes away in a few days or weeks.
What is Chronic LBP?
With certain physical and psychosocial contributing risk factors, the Acute LBP slowly transforms into Chronic LBP. The pain may now last longer than 3 months. Causes may be difficult to identify, however, they should be looked into. The careful process of finding the cause can help assure that there isn’t a life-threatening condition.
A complete patient history needs to be looked into for treatment. The main task here is to find out the contributing risk factors of LBP and see how they can be modified to create less damage. Preventing and avoiding LBP during early adolescence can prevent LBP progression in adulthood. Read further to know more about low back pain reasons.
Why does LBP progression need to be prevented?
Below lies a flow chart that depicts why it’s necessary to prevent LBP progression.
Although various studies have been done worldwide to examine the incidence, prevalence and risk factors for LBP in young adults, there is a paucity of data regarding this in young Indians. Given the gap, Dr. Sudhir Ganeshan and Dr Anita Shankar Acharya conducted a study to evaluate the prevalence of LBP among young Indians and study the various risk factors associated with it.
A cross-sectional study was conducted among coaching institute aspirants in Delhi from August to November 2014. The study tried to:
- Find the prevalence of LBP in India
- Identify potential risk factors of LBP
- Also, identify risk factors which are modifiable
- Identify risk factors which are not modifiable
- Introduce corrective behavioural changes with the modifiable risk factors
Prevalence of LBP in India
The study showed that the prevalence of LBP in India was 42.4% per year. The high figure indicates the following:
- Indian youth are prone to developing LBP.
- Parents need to be careful and vigilant with their adolescent children because an incidence of LBP at this stage is a predictor of an incidence in the 30s.
Potential Risk Factors for LBP
The potential risk factors for LBP include the previous history of spine problem, family history of spine problem, strenuous exercises, job dissatisfaction, monotony and number of study hours. Out of these risk factors, only family history of spine problems was concluded to be a non-modifiable risk factor. Surely what we have received from our parents genetically cannot be changed.
However, the good news is that all other factors are modifiable. Creating awareness about modifiable risk factors at an early stage may help to prevent LBP progression to a chronic stage. The concerned person may have to make some lifestyle modifications which may help to improve the person’s quality of life and increase productivity.
How can Risk Factors be Modified
The study suggests that you can modify stress and monotony by lifestyle modifications such as having a good amount of rest, relaxation and recreation. Job dissatisfaction can be modified by taking a keen interest in one’s work and creating a positive environment in the workplace. With regards to the number of study hours, LBP was found to precipitate by studying more than 5 hours at a stretch. This could be modified by having 2 slots of study of 2-3 hours each instead of one stretch.
For modifying spine problem and strenuous exercises, the following tips may prove helpful:
- Do crunches and other abdominal muscle strengthening exercises. Stationary cycling and brisk walking are good aerobic exercises.
- Use correct lifting techniques such as squatting when the object is too heavy.
- Maintain correct posture when sitting and standing.
- Maintain a healthy weight. Extra weight around the waist may prove cumbersome.
- Avoid stressful situation if possible.
Good News for Some
The ladies can have a reason to smile. Many earlier studies have revealed that regular use of heels could be a prominent risk factor for LBP. This study has not related the two. Even the habitual smokers, alcoholics and coffee drinkers can be happy because these addictions are not concluded as risk factors for LBP. I hope this article containing the top low back reasons has helped you.
A word of caution, though—addiction of any kind can be injurious to life. The prevention of LBP incidence in adolescents and adopting lifestyle modification of the risk factors greatly affect the economic stability of our country. Consider purchasing the best back massager in India to relieve upper as well as lower back pain.